The thorny acacia bushes are being piled around the perimeter of the planting area to form a boma (fortress, mound, or wall in Kiswahili), which is a traditional African enclosure, still used by the Maasai to protect their livestock from lions. At Makuyuni, the boma will be used to keep the village livestock and wild animals out of the mpingo plot. Mpingo, a legume, has leaves that are very attractive to browsing animals. If not protected during their early growth, the saplings can be killed by animals eating all their leaves and girdling their tender bark.
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