Maputo Conference on Mpingo
Fauna & Flora International (FFI) has been conserving wildlife since 1903, is a founder member of IUCNThe World Conservation Union and plays a major role in the development and support of conservation projects around the world. FFI has members in over 100 countries and publishes a newsletter called SoundWood, which is concerned with the use of endangered timber species in musical instruments. It aims to work in co-operation with the music business and does not advocate bans on timbers except in exceptional circumstances. SoundWood encourages the use of independently certified, sustainable timbers that are produced in partnership with local communities.
At the invitation of the Mozambique Government, SoundWood coordinated a workshop on mpingo in Maputo, Mozambique in November, 1995. Over 4 days 44 participants discussed the species and prepared a regional conservation and management strategy. Government forestry representatives were present from the principal states where mpingo is found: Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda and Zimbabwe. Experts from universities in Maputo and Dar-es-Salaam (Tanzania), carver's co-operatives, sawmill representatives from Kenya, Mozambique and Tanzania, as well as the world's leading dealer of timbers for instrument-making, Theodore Nagel, made valuable contributions. CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) experts and representatives from TRAFFIC (the wildlife trade monitoring program of the World Wide Fund for Nature and IUCN-The World Conservation Union), the Forest Stewardship Council and the World Conservation Monitoring Centre supplied information necessary to complete the picture. Sponsors were the European Commission, the British Embassy in Maputo, the British Council and Theodore Nagel.
Workshop participants formed working groups in five priority areas: information on use and trade, resource use, research, education, and conservation and management. An agreed regional strategy emerged from these discussions. A co-ordinated approach was adopted because the individual countries experience very similar problems and the strategy will be put into action through the establishment of a network of regional and national projects. The enhancement of local community participation in the management of mpingo was considered essential and projects developed as a part of the strategy will place particular emphasis on this.*
From the February 1996, Issue No. 3 of SoundWood, "A lively discussion regarding CITES concluded that it would be inappropriate to propose mpingo for CITES listing at present. It was agreed, however, that concerted efforts were needed to collect and correlate more data so that the extent of any threat to the species arising from international trade could be assessed more fully." So though the African Blackwood Conservation Project may seem like a small step on a long journey, it is an attempt to begin now to attend to the future of mpingo. Such steps, in concert with other efforts on its behalf, may qualify mpingo as a managed-use, sustainable resource and prevent its banning from international trade. The co-ordinator of SoundWood has provided to ABCP the Proceedings of the Maputo workshop and the Regional Strategy for Conservation of Mpingo which was the result of the conference.
Two Masters degree dissertations have also been created with the aid of FFI. David Beale has written "An Ecological Approach to Producing a Sustainable Mpingo Trade" which deals with the economics of mpingo. Hazel Sharman has written "An Investigation into the Sustainable Management of a Tropical Tree Species using Dalbergia melanoxylon as a Case Study"(1995) which uses GIS and herbarium records to determine the species range. Permission has been given to use the information in these publications and some of it will be excerpted on this site.
*The above information cited from SoundWood, February 1996, Issue No. 3.
Address information to contact FFI/SoundWood
about subscribing to the
SoundWood newsletter or to find out about their other conservation activities:
SoundWood Co-Ordinator (UK)
FFI, Great Eastern House
Tel: (44) (0) 1223-461471
Fax: (44) (0) 1223-461481
SoundWood US Program Manager
3490 California Street
San Francisco, CA 94118
FAX: (415) 345-7612
MPINGO FACT SHEET REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE MPINGO CONSERVATION PROJECT
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Last revised 21 April 2008.